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Trauma Treatment

Effective trauma treatments have been determined to tailor to an individual’s needs and circumstances surrounding their trauma. These trauma treatments and interventions address the psychological and emotional effects of the traumatic experiences. These treatments can include Cognitive Behavioural Therapy also known as CBT, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Group Therapy, Family Therapy, Medication, and Mindfulness based therapies.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also known as CBT, is a psychotherapy intervention with a primary focus on the reduction of symptoms associated with mental health disorders. CBT is used for treating trauma disorders, focusing on pinpointing where the negative thought patterns are occurring in relation to the traumatic experiences. CBT also allows for managing symptoms associated with the trauma, like anxiety and avoidance by developing coping skills.

EMDR is a therapy where the aim is to help individuals process their traumatic memories and manage the intensity of the emotion experiences as a result. EMDR involves guided eye movements and other variations of bilateral stimulation as the individual thinks about memories which cause them distress, allowing for reprocessing of traumatic experiences.

DBT involves the combination of elements within cognitive behavioural therapy mixed with mindfulness strategies which helps individuals better regulate their emotions and manage states of distress.

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is specifically designed for children and adolescents who have or are experiencing traumatic events. This therapy involves both the child and their caregivers, where the focus is on processing the traumatic memories, managing emotions, and developing coping skills to better handle the trauma.

Group Therapy allows for a supportive environment to be formed so individuals can connect with other people who have experienced similar traumatic events. Group therapy provides a space for people to come together reducing isolation and providing the chance for peer support and to learn from one another coping strategies that have worked.

Depending on where the trauma stems from, family therapy can be beneficial for addressing and coming to terms with familial dynamics and relationship patterns that may have been impacted by or contributed to the trauma. It allows a space for family members to communicate openly with the aim in strengthening relationships.

Medication such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can be prescribed to help alleviate symptoms that are associated with traumatic experiences. Paired with other forms of therapy medication can be an option to help address specific symptoms and individual experiences.

Mindfulness strategies like meditation and mindful breathing, may help individuals develop awareness in the present, as well as compassion, which can further help the management of symptoms associated with trauma, with the goal of reducing reactions to triggers.

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